REF2014 Impact Case Study: Impact of Baryon Acoustic Oscillations research on the European Space Agency Euclid Mission

  • Nichol, Bob (Participant)
  • William James Percival (Participant)

Impact: Economic & Commercial Impacts

Description of impact

Euclid is a new M-class satellite selected by the European Space Agency (ESA) to study the dark universe, which will exploit fundamental “Baryon Acoustic Oscillations” (BAO) research originally performed at Portsmouth. The construction of Euclid, overseen by Portsmouth scientists, is underway and by the time Euclid is launched, 606 million euros will be spent across UK and European industry (Thales, Astrium) providing significant economic and societal impact.

Who is affected

UK Space Industry


The selection and design of Euclid by ESA is a direct impact of the BAO research done at the University of Portsmouth Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation (ICG) over the last decade. ICG researchers have established BAO as an important technique for measuring dark energy. This case study highlights impact so far until August 2013 and also the on going direct involvement of ICG researchers in the present and future development of Euclid.
Impact statusOpen
Category of impactEconomic & Commercial Impacts
Impact levelAdoption (implementation stage)


  • European Space Agency
  • Euclid
  • Dark energy


  • REF2014