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Personal profile


My research is unique because it applies a queered cultural criminological lens to the study of crime and crime control-related issues that impact the lived experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer (LGBTQ) individuals. Three areas in which I am research active are:

  • Intimate partner violence (IPV) and intimate partner homicide (IPH) in same-sex relationships and in relationships where transgender individuals are victims

  • Serial murder involving gay, bisexual and queer male victims and perpetrators

  • Queer male drug use (known as chemsex in Europe and Asia or party and play [PNP] in North America).

My research draws on a number of (mostly) qualitative methodologies, including ethnography and 'instant' ethnography, ethnographic content analysis, text- and visual-content analysis and Foucauldian discourse analysis.

As a queered cultural criminologist, I focus largely on the (sub)cultural dynamics that underpin and or shape crime, deviance and transgression that is committed or experienced by LGBTQ men and women. For this reason, I am particularly interested in the past and present marginalization and oppression of sexual minorities -- especially where a resultant stigma is felt or perceived. I also investigate the ways in which the media and other moral entrepreneurs 'represent' LGBTQ-related crime and deviance through, for example, the perpetuation of myths and stereotypes and through the framing of moral panics. I have also recently begun to explore the emergence of what I refer to as self-mediated representations -- that is, the production of personal photo or video content by LGBTQ individuals that depicts them engaged in acts of crime, deviance, transgression or resistance and which is then posted to both public and 'members-only' cyberqueer social media sites and webcam networks.

Finally, I take a critical stance towards 'War on Drug'-led criminal justice policy and outdated (and in some cases, stigmatising) HIV/AIDS public health strategies and discourses surrounding non-normative drug- and sex-related behaviors. Instead, I advocate for drug decriminalization/legalisation and non-interventionist, non-stigmatising, 'zero-discrimination' approaches by drug and sexual health service providers.


Originally from Los Angeles, California, I moved to the United Kingdom in 2012 to begin the Erasmus Mundus Joint Doctorate in Cultural & Global Criminology program at the University of Kent (School of Social Policy, Sociology & Social Research) and Universität Hamburg (Institut für Kriminologische Sozialforschung). This included attendance on the 'Advanced Qualitative and Legal Methods in Criminology' summer session at Utrecht Universiteit and participation in the Common Study Programme in Critical Criminology. Prior to completing my PhD, I completed a Bachelor of Arts in Criminal Justice at California State University at Fullerton (2010) and a Master of Science in Criminal Justice at California State University at Long Beach (2012). 

In my past life ('pre-criminology'), I worked in the entertainment industry for 14 years as an executive assistant at such studios as Warner Bros., Paramount and Sony, and also as a talent agent assistant at various agencies, including the Agency for the Performing Arts, International Creative Management and Paul Kohner, Inc. I ended my career in 2002 as a talent agent with my own agency: Bliss, Frederick and Associates.

Media Availability

Presently, I'm a regularly-occurring subject matter expert (SME) on 'Meet, Marry, Murder with Michelle Trachtenberg', a new one-hour 'true crime' television series which recently launched on A&E's Crime+Investigation channel in the U.K. and is now airing on the True Crime Network in the U.S. The series, produced by U.K.-based FirstLookTV, investigates real-life cases of intimate partner homicide in both countries.

I've also recently completed filming as an SME on the first season of a new 10-episode television series profiling North American serial killers. The series will debut in the U.S. later this year.

Finally, I've made numerous media appearances at the local, regional and national level on topics such as American politics, the U.S. criminal justice system, the 'Dark Web', U.K. knife crime, psychopathy and the Salisbury poisonings, to name a few. I am also available for interviews or commentary on criminal justice-related issues pertaining to and/or affecting LGBTQ individuals and the LGBTQ 'community'.

Teaching Responsibilities

Presently, I am planning, teaching and/or coordinating:

Undergraduate Modules:

  • Crimes of the Powerful: Corporate and Governmental Harms
  • Contemporary Criminologies
  • Cultural Criminology
  • Cyberspace, Subcultures and Online Deviance
  • Cybersecurity: Theory and Practice
  • Essential Skills for Criminologists
  • ICJS Criminology Dissertation
  • Murder Investigation: Key Challenges
  • Researching Criminology
  • Questioning Criminology
  • Understanding Criminology

Postgraduate Modules:

  • Key Criminological Approaches: Past and Present 

I also supervise several undergraduate- and Masters-level dissertations and I am 'first supervisor' on a PhD project that explores the suitability of harm reduction strategies for gay, bisexual and queer men who access substance (mis)use-related services through NHS sexual health clinics in England.

Finally, I am the Course Leader Designate for the University's new 'BSc (Hon) Criminology with Environmental Justice' course (launching in the 2022-23 academic year); and, I have just completed my second year as an External Examiner for the Faculty of Business, Law and Social Sciences at Birmingham City University.

Expertise related to UN Sustainable Devlopment Goals

In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This person’s work contributes towards the following SDG(s):

  • SDG 3 - Good Health and Well-being
  • SDG 10 - Reduced Inequalities
  • SDG 16 - Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

Education/Academic qualification

Other, The Eddystone Trust

4 Oct 20196 Oct 2019

Award Date: 6 Oct 2019

Ph.D., University of Hamburg

17 Sep 201218 Nov 2016

Award Date: 18 Nov 2016

Ph.D., University of Kent

17 Sep 201218 Nov 2016

Award Date: 18 Nov 2016

Utrecht University

Jul 2013

Award Date: 15 Jul 2013

Master of Science, California State University Long Beach

Sep 2010Nov 2012

Award Date: 1 Nov 2012

BA (Hons), California State University Fullerton

Sep 2005May 2005

Award Date: 22 May 2010

Other, Fullerton College, Administration of Justice

1 Sep 200231 Dec 2004

Award Date: 31 Dec 2004

Other, Fullerton College, Administration of Justice

1 Sep 200212 Dec 2004

Award Date: 31 Dec 2004

Other, Fullerton College, Administration of Justice

21 Mar 2003

Award Date: 21 Mar 2003

Other, Fullerton College, Administration of Justice

2 Jan 200316 Jan 2003

Award Date: 16 Jan 2003

External positions

External Examiner, Birmingham City University

Jan 2020 → …

Senior Lecturer in Criminology, University of Gloucestershire

1 Feb 201822 Jun 2020

Lecturer in Criminology, University of Gloucestershire

1 Sep 201631 Jan 2018


  • H Social Sciences (General)
  • criminal justice
  • criminology
  • decriminalization
  • illicit substances
  • punishment
  • criminality
  • HM Sociology
  • risk-taking
  • deviance
  • subcultures
  • homonormativity
  • HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
  • substance use
  • substance misuse
  • harm reduction
  • sexual health
  • sexuality
  • LGBT
  • HIV
  • marginalization
  • stigma
  • J General legislative and executive papers
  • drug policy
  • Public Health
  • RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
  • HIV
  • sexually transmitted infections
  • risky sex
  • condomless sex
  • Hepatitis-C
  • drug and alcohol
  • Public health Awareness
  • Public Health


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