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Personal profile


I joined the University of Portsmouth's Military Education Team in August 2021. Prior to this, I held a number of contracts at the University of Reading and St Mary's University Twickenham where I was employed as an American specialist in their history departments. Under the supervision of Dr Mara Oliva, I was awarded my PhD in history by the University of Reading in May 2015. My thesis, entitled Spies, Civil Liberties and the Senate, explored the influence of public opinion on 1975 Senate investigation of the US intelligence community. My thesis was the basis of my debut monograph, The Year of Intelligence in the United States, published by Palgrave Macmillan in 2021. In addition to my PhD, I also hold an MA in United States Studies: History and Politics from University College London and a Bachelor of Arts (Hons) in History from London Metropolitan University. I am also an Associate Fellow of the Higher Education Academy.

Research Interests

My research focuses on influences on US national security policy. The subject of my monograph is the influence of public opinion on the investigations into the US intelligence community in 1975. My current research explores the development of US cybersecurity policy from the 1980s to the present day. It examines congressional responsibility for oversight of federal cybersecurity, the development of the cyber industrial complex, the role that the Idaho National Laboratory plays in federal cybersecurity policy, and the use of cybersecurity as a tool for diplomacy. Other research interests include the US presidency, US intelligence community, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and information operations.

Expertise related to UN Sustainable Development Goals

In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This person’s work contributes towards the following SDG(s):

  • SDG 10 - Reduced Inequalities
  • SDG 16 - Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

Education/Academic qualification

Ph.D., Spies Civil Liberties and the Senate

1 Sept 201531 Aug 2018

Award Date: 31 Aug 2018

MA, United States Studies: History and Politics

1 Sept 20131 Sept 2014

Award Date: 1 Sept 2014

BA (Hons), History

1 Sept 201015 Jun 2012

Award Date: 15 Jun 2012

External positions

Lecturer in History, St Mary's University, Twickenham

1 Jan 201931 Jul 2031

Lecturer in US History, University of Reading

1 Sept 201831 Jul 2021

Graduate Teaching Assistant, University of Reading

1 Sept 201531 Aug 2018


  • E151 United States (General)
  • Intelligence
  • Cybersecurity
  • JZ International relations
  • Cyberdiplomacy
  • KF United States Federal Law
  • Congressional Oversight


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