Biomass, remediation, regeneration (BioReGen): Reusing brownfield sites for renewable energy crops

  • Rahman, Pattanathu (CoI)
  • Lord, Richard (PI)

Project Details


Biomass fuel composition is compared to host soil contamination for
energy crops grown on five contrasting sites in NE England. These include three
contaminated brownfield sites and control sites in both urban and rural settings. Fuel quality is compared for willow (Salix spp.) short rotation coppice (SRC), miscanthus (Miscanthus spp.), reed canarygrass (Phalaris arundinacea) and switchgrass (Panicum virgatum).

The information is used to assess the potential for long-term remediation of contaminated land during energy crop growth. Concentrations of Zn and Cd are consistently higher in SRC willow for a given site, whereas the grasses have higher ash contents, which are richer in SiO2 but lower in K2O. Initial actions of the full-scale demonstration plantings carried out under the Life III Environment Programme are described together with an analysis of the wider economic, environmental and social benefits of this sustainable type of reuse of derelict brownfield land and carbon neutral approach to remediation.
Short titleEU Life III Environment Programme
Effective start/end date1/08/0510/12/10


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