2MTF V. Cosmography, Beta, and the residual bulk flow

Christopher M. Springob, Tao Hong, Lister Staveley-Smith, Karen L. Masters, Lucas M. Macri, Bäerbel S. Koribalski, D. Heath Jones, Tom H. Jarrett, Christina Magoulas, Pirin Erdoğdu

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Using the Tully–Fisher relation, we derive peculiar velocities for the 2MASS Tully–Fisher survey and describe the velocity field of the nearby Universe. We use adaptive kernel smoothing to map the velocity field, and compare it to reconstructions based on the redshift space galaxy distributions of the 2MASS Redshift Survey (2MRS) and the IRAS Point Source Catalog Redshift Survey (PSCz). With a standard χ2 minimization fit to the models, we find that the PSCz model provides a better fit to the 2MTF velocity field data than does the 2MRS model, and provides a value of β in greater agreement with literature values. However, when we subtract away the monopole deviation in the velocity zero-point between data and model, the 2MRS model also produces a value of β in agreement with literature values. We also calculate the ‘residual bulk flow’: the component of the bulk flow not accounted for by the models. This is ∼250 km s−1 when performing the standard fit, but drops to ∼150 km s−1 for both models when the aforementioned monopole offset between data and models is removed. This smaller number is more in line with theoretical expectations, and suggests that the models largely account for the major structures in the nearby Universe responsible for the bulk velocity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1886-1900
Number of pages16
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number2
Early online date28 Dec 2015
Publication statusPublished - 21 Feb 2016


  • astro-ph.CO
  • galaxies: distances and redshifts
  • galaxies: fundamental parameters
  • galaxies: spiral
  • distance scale
  • large-scale structure of the Universe


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