This chapter examines and compares various cases of female involvement with jihadi terrorism across Europe, dissecting the research on their radicalisation, participation, and, crucially, the conflicting legal, political, and media reports on their cases. Cases from Sweden, France, Italy and the UK are examined demonstrating a variety of behaviours. In comparison to male jihadists, the complex roles of female jihadists are portrayed as love-struck ‘jihadi brides’, that departed from various parts of Europe - often via Turkey - for Syria and Iraq pledging various degrees of allegiance with ISIS. Media coverage of these cases grips public attention and, as a result, drives political action. However, media coverage driving political action raises questions regarding how much is known about female participation in jihadism across Europe. The cases examined here highlight the violent variety of female jihadism across the continent and some of the commonalities in their radicalisation including the use of male personas online to recruit others and establish an identity from which they can exercise their agency.
|Title of host publication||Directions in International Terrorism|
|Subtitle of host publication||Theories, Trends and Trajectories|
|Publisher||Palgrave Macmillan Ltd.|
|Publication status||Published - 19 Sep 2021|