A new stratigraphic framework for the early Neoproterozoic successions of Scotland

Maarten Krabbendam, Rob Strachan, Tony Prave

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Abstract

The circum-North Atlantic region archives three major late-Mesoproterozoic to Neoproterozoic tectonic episodes, the Grenville-Sveconorwegian and Renlandian orogenies followed by rifting and formation of the Iapetus Ocean, and each is bracketed by sedimentary successions that define three megasequences. In this context, we summarise sedimentological and geochronological data and propose a new stratigraphic framework for the iconic Torridonian-Moine-Dalradian successions and related units in Scotland. The Iona, Sleat, Torridon and Morar groups of the Scottish mainland and Inner Hebrides, and the Westing, Sand Voe and Yell Sound groups in Shetland, form the newly named Wester Ross Supergroup. They were deposited c. 1000–950 Ma within a foreland basin to the Grenville Orogen and, collectively, are in Megasequence 1. Some of these units record Renlandian orogenesis at c. 960-920 Ma. The newly named Loch Ness Supergroup consists of the Glenfinnan, Loch Eil and Badenoch groups of the Scottish mainland, deposited c. 900–870 Ma and are assigned to Megasequence 2. These units record Knoydartian orogenesis c. 820-725 Ma. The regionally extensive Dalradian Supergroup belongs to Megasequence 3; it was deposited c. <725-500 Ma and records the opening of the Iapetus Ocean, ultimately leading to deposition of the passive margin Cambrian-Ordovician Ardvreck and Durness groups.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of the Geological Society
Early online date6 Oct 2021
DOIs
Publication statusEarly online - 6 Oct 2021

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