A review of the blue economy, potential and opportunities in 7 Caribbean nations pre-COVID 19

Sui Phang, Antaya Lauren Alexandra March*, Grégoire Touron-Gardic, Kieran Deane, Pierre Failler

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Caribbean countries face many challenges to effectively implement and benefit from the blue economy. This study synthesized current available information from the literature about the main blue economy activities in the Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Guyana, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, and Suriname, prior to
the COVID-19 pandemic, to highlight their value in the context of blue economic recovery. This timestamp of data provides a point of comparison to understand the vulnerability of blue economy sectors to external shocks. The top performing sectors prior to the pandemic were shipping and tourism, both of which were
significant contributors to the GDP. The other sectors (eg. fisheries, aquaculture, pharmaceuticals, etc.) in some countries were well established and in others, at a minimum, displayed potential for continued development. To valorise the blue economy in a post pandemic recovery, there are three core areas of opportunity: sustainable resource extraction and production; cultivated economic development; and improved ecosystem economic valuations. Harnessing these opportunities will require a transition from a traditional ocean economy towards a coordinated blue economy including the adoption of effective governance and sustainability principles, improved social, economic and environmental valuations, sustainable financing as well as a more regional coordinated approach to the management of resources.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages11
JournalICES Journal of Marine Science
Early online date17 Jan 2023
Publication statusEarly online - 17 Jan 2023


  • Blue economy
  • Caribbean
  • blue growth
  • economic trends
  • ocean economy
  • sustainable blue economy


Dive into the research topics of 'A review of the blue economy, potential and opportunities in 7 Caribbean nations pre-COVID 19'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this