We report results from a systematic wide-area search for faint dwarf galaxies at heliocentric distances from 0.3 to 2 Mpc using the full 6 yr of data from the Dark Energy Survey (DES). Unlike previous searches over the DES data, this search specifically targeted a field population of faint galaxies located beyond the Milky Way virial radius. We derive our detection efficiency for faint, resolved dwarf galaxies in the Local Volume with a set of synthetic galaxies and expect our search to be complete to M V ∼ (−7, −10) mag for galaxies at D = (0.3, 2.0) Mpc. We find no new field dwarfs in the DES footprint, but we report the discovery of one high-significance candidate dwarf galaxy at a distance of 2.2 − 0.12 + 0.05 Mpc , a potential satellite of the Local Volume galaxy NGC 55, separated by 47′ (physical separation as small as 30 kpc). We estimate this dwarf galaxy to have an absolute V-band magnitude of − 8.0 − 0.3 + 0.5 mag and an azimuthally averaged physical half-light radius of 2.2 − 0.4 + 0.5 kpc , making this one of the lowest surface brightness galaxies ever found with μ = 32.3 mag arcsec −2 . This is the largest, most diffuse galaxy known at this luminosity, suggesting possible tidal interactions with its host.

Original languageEnglish
Article number126
Number of pages17
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
Early online date18 Jan 2024
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jan 2024


  • local group
  • low surface brightness galaxies
  • dwarf galaxies

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