Unlike truth-tellers’ statements that show forgetting, lie-tellers’ statements appear less sensitive to delay. For lie-tellers this failure to correctly simulate forgetting has been referred to as a stability bias. This experiment tests two explanations for this stability bias: the ‘miscalibration’ hypothesis and the ‘strategic’ hypothesis. Using a 2 (Task Type: recall estimate vs strategic estimate) × 2 (Delay: immediate vs. three-week) design, participants (n = 142) either estimated how much detail a truth-teller might remember from an intelligence briefing (testing the miscalibration hypothesis), or how much detail was necessary to make a fabricated statement about the same intelligence briefing appear convincing to others (testing the strategic hypothesis). Before making these estimates, participants were informed that the briefing occurred immediately beforehand, or three-weeks beforehand. Recall estimates correctly predicted forgetting would occur after a three-week delay. Strategic estimates did not vary as a function of statement-time. No differences in subjective beliefs emerged.
|Journal||Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition|
|Publication status||Accepted for publication - 2 Dec 2021|
- stability bias effect