Adapting performance feedback to a learner's conscientiousness

Matt Dennis*, Judith Masthoff, Chris Mellish

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


To keep a learner motivated, an intelligent tutoring system may need to adapt its feedback to the learner's characteristics. We are particularly interested in adaptation of performance feedback to the learner's personality. Following on from an earlier study that investigated the effect of generalized self-efficacy, this study examines how feedback may need to be adapted to the trait Conscientiousness from the Five Factor Model. We used a User-as-Wizard approach, with participants taking the role of the adaptive feedback generator. Participants were presented with a fictional student with a validated polarized level of Conscientiousness, along with a set of marks the student had achieved in a test. They provided feedback to the learner in the form of a short statement. We examined the level to which participants bent the truth as adaptation to the learner's conscientiousness. The study suggests that adaptation to conscientiousness may be needed: using a positive slant for highly conscientious students with failing grades.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationUser Modeling, Adaptation, and Personalization - 20th International Conference, UMAP 2012, Proceedings
Number of pages6
Volume7379 LNCS
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes
Event20th International Conference on User Modeling, Adaptation and Personalization - Montreal, Canada
Duration: 16 Jul 201220 Jul 2012

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume7379 LNCS
ISSN (Print)03029743
ISSN (Electronic)16113349


Conference20th International Conference on User Modeling, Adaptation and Personalization
Abbreviated titleUMAP 2012


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