Adjusting eye aspect ratio for strong eye blink detection based on facial landmarks

Christine Dewi*, Rung Ching Chen, Xiaoyi Jiang, Hui Yu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Blink detection is an important technique in a variety of settings, including facial movement analysis and signal processing. However, automatic blink detection is very challenging because of the blink rate. This research work proposed a real-time method for detecting eye blinks in a video series. Automatic facial landmarks detectors are trained on a real-world dataset and demonstrate exceptional resilience to a wide range of environmental factors, including lighting conditions, face emotions, and head position. For each video frame, the proposed method calculates the facial landmark locations and extracts the vertical distance between the eyelids using the facial landmark positions. Our results show that the recognizable landmarks are sufficiently accurate to determine the degree of eye-opening and closing consistently. The proposed algorithm estimates the facial landmark positions, extracts a single scalar quantity by using Modified Eye Aspect Ratio (Modified EAR) and characterizing the eye closeness in each frame. Finally, blinks are detected by the Modified EAR threshold value and detecting eye blinks as a pattern of EAR values in a short temporal window. According to the results from a typical data set, it is seen that the suggested approach is more efficient than the stateof-the-art technique.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere943
Number of pages21
JournalPeerJ Computer Science
Publication statusPublished - 18 Apr 2022


  • blink detections
  • Dlib
  • eye aspect ratio
  • eye blink
  • facial landmarks


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