Advancements in GIS map copyright protection schemes - a critical review

Ahmed Abubahia, Mihaela Cocea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Dramatic advancements in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and computer technologies resulted in a wide availability of rich-knowledge GIS digital vector maps that are easily accessible and downloadable through the world wide web. This led to the need of copyright protection systems to protect the rights of the
producers of these maps. Unlike the research on copyright protection for raster/image data types, the research for vector map data is less documented. This article surveys and classifies the GIS vector map copyright protection research papers published between 2000 and 2014, towards a thorough understanding of the-state-of-the-art, addressing significant limitations of previous review articles, and outlining effective recommendations for future research directions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12205-12231
JournalMultimedia Tools and Applications
Issue number10
Early online date22 Apr 2016
Publication statusPublished - May 2017


  • Geographic Information System (GIS)
  • watermarking
  • vector data
  • digital map
  • copyright protection


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