Amplitude of dark energy perturbations

C. Gordon, David Wands

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Abstract

We propose a model which produces dark energy perturbations large enough to explain the lack of power seen at the quadrupole scale in the cosmic microwave background. If the dark energy is frozen from horizon exit during inflation until dark energy domination, then it is not possible to have perturbations in the dark energy which are large enough. We propose using a tachyonic amplification mechanism to overcome this. The dark energy is taken to be a complex scalar field, where the radial field has a Mexican hat potential. During inflation, the radial component is trapped near the maximum of its potential. At the end of inflation, it rolls down to the minimum. The dark energy today is taken to be a pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone boson. The perturbations generated during inflation are amplified by the rolling of the radial field. We also examine the use of the variable decay mechanism in order to generate an anticorrelation between the dark energy perturbations and the curvature perturbation. We show that using this mechanism then constrains the properties of the dark energy and its evolution from redshift one until today.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123505
Number of pages1
JournalPhysical Review D
Volume71
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jun 2005

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