An evaluation of corneal nerve morphology and function in moderate keratoconus

Luisa Simo Mannion*, Cindy Tromans, Clare O’Donnell

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate corneal nerve morphology and corneal sensitivity in keratoconus.

Methods: The central cornea of 13 subjects with keratoconus and 13 age-matched control subjects was assessed using in vivo confocal microscopy and corneal aesthesiometry.

Results: Significant differences in corneal nerve fibre density were found between the subjects with keratoconus and the control subjects (keratoconus versus control; 1018.3 ± 489.6 μm versus 1820.7 ± 789.5 μm; p = 0.006). The mean diameter of nerve fibres in the stroma was found to be greater in subjects with keratoconus compared to control subjects (keratoconus versus control; 10.2 ± 4.6 μm versus 5.5 ± 1.9 μm; p = 0.007). The orientation of corneal nerve fibres in the subjects with keratoconus appeared to be altered from the predominantly vertical orientation seen in the control subjects. Corneal touch threshold was found to be similar in the two groups, although the subjects with keratoconus using contact lens correction had reduced corneal sensitivity compared to the contact lens-wearing control subjects (keratoconus with contact lenses versus controls with contact lenses; 1.18 ± 0.19 g/mm2 versus 0.98 ± 0.05 g/mm2; p = 0.03).

Conclusion: This study reveals significant reductions in nerve density in the keratoconic cornea. The thickened stromal nerve fibres observed in the keratoconic corneas may explain why prominent corneal nerves are often seen using slit lamp biomicroscopy in keratoconic patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-192
Number of pages8
JournalContact Lens and Anterior Eye
Volume28
Issue number4
Early online date21 Nov 2005
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2005

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