An evaluation of the strength for recycled fine aggregate replacement in cementitious mortars

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This research investigates the viability of high-strength Recycled Concrete Aggregate (RCA) sourced from demolished structures containing high-strength concrete as a substitute for natural fine aggregates (NA) in cementitious mortar applications. Concrete specimens (40 × 40 × 160 mm) were prepared in a controlled environment with varying percentages of RCA replacing NA, ranging from 0% to 100% in 10% increments. The resulting RCA aggregates exhibited lower weight for sizes from 0.01 to 1 mm compared to NA, and for 1 to 3 mm sizes, RCA weights were 145% to 177% higher than SS aggregates. After curing for 28 days, flexural and compressive strength tests were conducted on the batches. The average compressive strength for the 0% RCA batch was 66.26 MPa, while the 50% RCA batch showed the closest average compressive strength at 63.10 MPa. Batches with varying RCA levels displayed compressive strengths between 49.52 and 58.18 MPa. The highest flexural strength was observed in the 0% RCA batch, with the closest result for a batch containing RCA being the 50% RCA batch.
Original languageEnglish
Article number470
Number of pages15
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 8 Feb 2024


  • recycled mortar
  • recycled mortar aggregate
  • fine recycled aggregate
  • circular construction
  • sustainable construction materials

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