Using a longitudinal qualitative research methodology this paper analyses 'change through time' (Saldana, 2003), in HRM practices within three case-study organisations. The three case-study organisations operate in the HR-offshoring (HRO) sector in India and are headquartered in US, UK and India respectively. The fieldwork for this research took approximately four years - from June 2006 to April 2010. Findings suggest that the challenges for HR in these organisations varied during the economic upturn (second-quarter of 2006 to first-quarter of 2008 and post third-quarter of 2009) in comparison to the economic downturn (second-quarter of 2008 to third-quarter of 2009). For example attrition and retention were a challenge in the upturn and so was recruitment and training. On the other hand motivation, morale, employee-engagement and skills-development were a challenge in the downturn.The paper also highlights the development and articulation of formal and structured HR activities focused on extrinsic monetary incentives, rewards and penalties to influence and regulate employee performance and behaviour but also shows that these practices are mediated by local indigenous traditions, the nature of the service-offering; organisational management style and the aspiration to 'role-model' systematic HR practices. Also evident were differences in HR practices both between and within the different locations of the three case-study organisations. These were attributed to the size, ownership, organisational life-cycle, local-culture etc. There was also evidence of some 'headquarter' influence in terms of convergence, divergence and crossvergence in different HR practices in the organisations. The above research has implications for both academics and practitioners.
|Publication status||Published - 8 Sept 2010|
|Event||British Sociological Association Work, Employment and Society Conference 2010 - University of Brighton, Brighton|
Duration: 7 Sept 2010 → 9 Sept 2010
|Conference||British Sociological Association Work, Employment and Society Conference 2010|
|City||University of Brighton, Brighton|
|Period||7/09/10 → 9/09/10|