Are all economics graduate cohorts created equal? Gender, job openings, and research productivity

John P. Conley, Ali Onder, Benno Torgler

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Abstract

Using life cycle publication data of 9368 economics PhD graduates from 127 U.S. institutions between 1987 and 1996, we compare research productivities of male and female graduates, and how these correlate with macroeconomic conditions prior to starting graduate studies and with availability of academic jobs at the time of graduation. We find that availability of academic jobs is positively correlated with research productivity for both male and female graduates. Unfavorable employment conditions prior to starting graduate education are negatively correlated with female graduates’ research productivity and positively correlated with male graduates’ research productivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)937-958
Number of pages22
JournalScientometrics
Volume108
Issue number2
Early online date28 May 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2016

Keywords

  • Gender differences
  • Graduate education
  • Human capital
  • Research productivity

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