Association of a single nucleotide polymorphism in the matrix metalloproteinase-1 promoter with glioblastoma

J. McCready, W. Broaddus, V. Sykes, Helen Fillmore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A key feature in the malignant behavior of glioblastoma is the tendency to invade host brain tissue surrounding the primary tumor site. Several members of the matrix metalloproteinase family are thought to contribute to this invasive capacity. A single nucleotide polymorphism has been described in the matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) promoter that consists of either the presence or absence of a guanine nucleotide at position −1607. The presence of the guanine base creates a functional binding site for members of the ETS family of transcription factors and has been shown to increase MMP-1 transcription. The purpose of our study was to characterize this polymorphism in human glioblastoma. Promoter genotyping was performed on brain tumor tissue obtained from 81 patients and compared to 57 healthy individuals. The 2G/2G genotype is more prevalent in glioblastoma tissue compared to healthy individuals (p = 0.01). mRNA and protein expression were measured in a subset of brain tumor and normal brain tissue samples. MMP-1 protein levels are significantly higher in glioblastoma tissue compared to normal brain (p = 0.001). Electromobility shift assays and promoter assays were performed to assess binding capability and transcriptional activity, respectively. Proteins present in glioma cell lines can specifically bind the 2G promoter probe. MMP-1 transcription is significantly higher in cells transfected with the 2G promoter when compared to cells transfected with the 1G promoter (p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)781-785
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 10 Dec 2005


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