We report two experiments investigating hindsight bias in children, focusing on a rarely studied age range of 8 to 13 years. In Experiment 1, we asked children to complete both an auditory and a visual hindsight task. Children exhibited hindsight bias in both tasks, and the bias decreased with age. In Experiment 2, we further explored children’s auditory hindsight bias by contrasting performance in hypothetical and memory designs (which previous research with adults had found to involve different mechanisms: fluency vs. memory reconstruction). Children exhibited auditory hindsight bias in both tasks, but only in the hypothetical design the bias magnitude was modulated by a priming manipulation designed to increase fluency, replicating and extending the pattern found in adults to children.
|Journal||Journal of Experimental Child Psychology|
|Publication status||Accepted for publication - 6 Dec 2021|
- auditory insight bias
- chidlren's cognitive biases
- hypothetical design
- memory design