Auditory hindsight bias in school-age children

Cristina Gordo*, Sergio Moreno-Ríos, Hartmut Blank

*Corresponding author for this work

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We report two experiments investigating hindsight bias in children, focusing on a rarely studied age range of 8 to 13 years. In Experiment 1, we asked children to complete both an auditory and a visual hindsight task. Children exhibited hindsight bias in both tasks, and the bias decreased with age. In Experiment 2, we further explored children’s auditory hindsight bias by contrasting performance in hypothetical and memory designs (which previous research with adults had found to involve different mechanisms: fluency vs. memory reconstruction). Children exhibited auditory hindsight bias in both tasks, but only in the hypothetical design the bias magnitude was modulated by a priming manipulation designed to increase fluency, replicating and extending the pattern found in adults to children.
Original languageEnglish
Article number105346
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Experimental Child Psychology
Early online date17 Jan 2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2022


  • auditory insight bias
  • chidlren's cognitive biases
  • hypothetical design
  • memory design
  • priming
  • fluency


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