The subject of this article is the relationship between France and Bengal. It concentrates on the specific characteristics that distinguish the French connection with Bengal from that of other French territories in India. It briefly traces the history of the French presence in Chandernagore, before focusing on the early twentieth century and the important role that Chandernagore played in the Indian independence movement. It examines the practical effects on this struggle of the presence of the French in this part of India. Beyond these, it questions the extent of French influence on the political theory and practice of the Bengali revolutionaries. It ends more broadly by assessing the French legacy in Bengal today.