Betaine distribution in the Euphorbiaceae

Gerald Blunden, Asmita Vithaldas Patel, M. A. Romero, A. C. Cuervo, O. A. Al-Amoudi, H. H. Mutawie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aerial parts of 17 species of Euphorbiaceae, distributed in 11 genera, have been examined for the presence of betaines. Trigonelline was isolated from all the tested species, but the yield was low, varying from 0.004% (based on dry weight) from Euphorbia tirucalli to 0.1% from Ricinus communis. Glycinebetaine was also found in many of the plants examined, the yield varying from 0.004% from Euphorbia triangularis and Chamaesyce hirta to 0.1% from Jatropha multifida and J. podagrica. Although only a restricted number of species has been examined, the conclusion can be drawn that Euphorbiaceae can be classified as a non-betaine accumulating family.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-42
Number of pages6
JournalUmm Al-Qura Journal for Science, Medicine, and Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2003


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