Betaine distribution in the Malvaceae

Gerald Blunden, Asmita V. Patel, Nigel J. Armstrong, John Gorham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aerial parts of 26 taxa, distributed in 18 genera and all 5 tribes of the Malvaceae have been examined for the presence of betaines. Glycinebetaine was obtained in high yield (0.5–4.6%, dry weight) from all the plants studied, except Abelmoschus moschatus, in extracts of which glycinebetaine was not detected. Trigonelline was recorded for 16 of the plants tested, but the yields were low (0.005–0.07%, dry weight). Roots and flowers of a few of the species were also examined for betaines. The same compounds as those found in the aerial parts were usually detected, but the glycinebetaine contents of the roots and flowers were considerably lower.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)451-454
Number of pages4
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2001


  • Malvaceae
  • betaines
  • glycinebetaine
  • trigonelline
  • chemotaxonomy


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