Bioaugmentation as a green technology for hydrocarbon pollution remediation. Problems and prospects

Amechi S. Nwankwegu*, Lei Zhang, Deti Xie, Chukwudi O. Onwosi, Wada I. Muhammad, Chuks K. Odoh, Kabari Sam, John N. Idenyi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Environmental pollution mitigation measure involving bioremediation technology is a sustainable intervention for a greener ecosystem biorecovery, especially the obnoxious hydrocarbons, xenobiotics, and other environmental pollutants induced by anthropogenic stressors. Several successful case studies have provided evidence to this paradigm including the putative adoption that the technology is eco-friendly, cost-effective, and shows a high tendency for total contaminants mineralization into innocuous bye-products. The present review reports advances in bioremediation, types, and strategies conventionally adopted in contaminant clean-up. It identified that natural attenuation and biostimulation are faced with notable limitations including the poor remedial outcome under the natural attenuation system and the residual contamination occasion following a biostimulation operation. It remarks that the use of genetically engineered microorganisms shows a potentially promising insight as a prudent remedial approach but is currently challenged by few ethical restrictions and the rural unavailability of the technology. It underscores that bioaugmentation, particularly the use of high cell density assemblages referred to as microbial consortia possess promising remedial prospects thus offers a more sustainable environmental security. The authors, therefore, recommend bioaugmentation for large scale contaminated sites in regions where environmental degradation is commonplace.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114313
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Environmental Management
Early online date20 Dec 2021
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2022


  • Bioaugmentation
  • Bioremediation
  • Environmental pollution
  • Hydrocarbon
  • Microorganism

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