Biomedical applications of polyurethane materials and coatings

J. Joseph, R. M. Patel, A. Wenham, J. R. Smith

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Abstract

Polyurethanes (PUs), formed by the reaction of diisocyanates with polyols (or equivalent) in the presence of a catalyst, have a wide variety of industrial uses. Much recent attention has focused on their biomedical applications, owing to their biocompatibility, biodegradability and tailorable chemical and physical forms. Examples of such application areas include antibacterial surfaces and catheters, drug delivery vehicles, stents, surgical dressings/pressure sensitive adhesives, tissue engineering scaffolds and electrospinning, nerve generation, cardiac patches and PU coatings for breast implants. Following a brief introduction to PUs, this review surveys selected articles, mostly from 2014 to 2017, that highlight this diverse range of biomedical applications offered by PU materials and coatings.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-129
Number of pages9
JournalTransactions of the Institute of Metal Finishing
Volume96
Issue number3
Early online date11 Apr 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 May 2018

Keywords

  • polyurethane
  • polymers
  • coatings
  • biomedical
  • applications
  • drug delivery
  • vascular grafts
  • tissue engineering

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