Black hole mass and eddington ratio distribution functions of X-ray-selected broad-line AGNs at z ∼ 1.4 in the Subaru XMM-Newton Deep Field

K. Nobuta*, M. Akiyama, Y. Ueda, M. G. Watson, J. Silverman, K. Hiroi, K. Ohta, F. Iwamuro, K. Yabe, N. Tamura, Y. Moritani, M. Sumiyoshi, N. Takato, M. Kimura, T. Maihara, G. Dalton, I. Lewis, D. Bonfield, H. Lee, E. Curtis-LakeE. MacAulay, F. Clarke, K. Sekiguchi, C. Simpson, S. Croom, M. Ouchi, H. Hanami, T. Yamada

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In order to investigate the growth of supermassive black holes (SMBHs), we construct the black hole mass function (BHMF) and Eddington ratio distribution function (ERDF) of X-ray-selected broad-line active galactic nuclei (AGNs) at z ∼ 1.4 in the Subaru XMM-Newton Deep Survey (SXDS) field. A significant part of the accretion growth of SMBHs is thought to take place in this redshift range. Black hole masses of X-ray-selected broad-line AGNs are estimated using the width of the broad Mg II line and 3000 Å monochromatic luminosity. We supplement the Mg II FWHM values with the Hα FWHM obtained from our NIR spectroscopic survey. Using the black hole masses of broad-line AGNs at redshifts between 1.18 and 1.68, the binned broad-line AGN BHMFs and ERDFs are calculated using the V maxmethod. To properly account for selection effects that impact the binned estimates, we derive the corrected broad-line AGN BHMFs and ERDFs by applying the maximum likelihood method, assuming that the ERDF is constant regardless of the black hole mass. We do not correct for the non-negligible uncertainties in virial BH mass estimates. If we compare the corrected broad-line AGN BHMF with that in the local universe, then the corrected BHMF at z = 1.4 has a higher number density above 108 Mbut a lower number density below that mass range. The evolution may be indicative of a downsizing trend of accretion activity among the SMBH population. The evolution of broad-line AGN ERDFs from z = 1.4 to 0 indicates that the fraction of broad-line AGNs with accretion rates close to the Eddington limit is higher at higher redshifts.

Original languageEnglish
Article number143
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
Early online date4 Dec 2012
Publication statusPublished - 20 Dec 2012


  • galaxies: active
  • galaxies: evolution
  • galaxies: statistics
  • quasars: emission lines
  • quasars: general


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