The boson-sampling problem has triggered a lot of interest in the scientific community because of its potential of demonstrating the computational power of quantum interference without the need of non-linear processes. However, the intractability of such a problem with any classical device relies on the realization of single photons approximately identical in their spectra. In this paper, we discuss the physics of boson sampling with non-identical single-photon sources, which is strongly relevant in view of scalable experimental realizations and triggers fascinating questions in the complexity theory.
- boson sampling
- quantum information processing
- multi-photon interference