Can the five factor model of personality account for the variability of autism symptom expression? Multivariate approaches to behavioral phenotyping in adult autism spectrum disorder

Benjamin C. Schwartzman, Jeffrey J. Wood, Steven K. Kapp

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Abstract

The present study aimed to: determine the extent to which the five factor model of personality (FFM) accounts for variability in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptomatology in adults, examine differences in average FFM personality traits of adults with and without ASD and identify distinct behavioral phenotypes within ASD. Adults (N = 828; nASD = 364) completed an online survey with an autism trait questionnaire and an FFM personality questionnaire. FFM facets accounted for 70 % of variance in autism trait scores. Neuroticism positively correlated with autism symptom severity, while extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness, and conscientiousness negatively correlated with autism symptom severity. Four FFM subtypes emerged within adults with ASD, with three subtypes characterized by high neuroticism and none characterized by lower-than-average neuroticism.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-272
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume46
Issue number1
Early online date30 Aug 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

Keywords

  • five factor model of personality
  • adults with autism
  • autism
  • big 5
  • autism spectrum disorder
  • subtypes of autism

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