Career planning orientation of disadvantaged high school boys: a study of socioeconomic and social cognitive variables

G. Arulmani, Darren Van Laar, Simon Easton

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Abstract

The present study was conducted in India and examined the impact of socioeconomic factors and the variables of self-efficacy and career beliefs on the career planning orientation of 755 high school boys from disadvantaged backgrounds. The sample had four orientations to career planning, namely, the intention to begin working immediately, pursue college education, enter vocational training and no career plans. The children of illiterate and unemployed parents exhibited the highest tendency to prematurely discontinue education and enter the world of work as unskilled labourers. A significant effect of parent employment on self-efficacy was found, indicating that respondents whose parents had full time employment had higher self efficacy scores than those whose parent were unemployed. It was also found that the children of illiterate and unemployed parents had a higher level of negative beliefs about career preparation. This study also presents information regarding the translation of existing measures of socioeconomic status and self-efficacy in Kannada, a South Indian language and preliminary information about the construction of a scale to measure career belief distortions among high school students.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-17
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology
Volume27
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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