Ab initio and density-functional theory (DFT) calculations have been used to investigate the model rearrangements of quadricyclane to norbornadiene catalysed by single CuSO4 and SnCl2 molecules. The isolated reactions with the two molecular catalysts proceed via electron-transfer catalysis in which the hydrocarbon is oxidised, in contrast to systems investigated previously in which the substrate was reduced. The even-electron SnCl2-catalysed reaction shows singlet-triplet two-state reactivity. Solvation by a single methanol molecule changes the mechanism of the rearrangement to a classical Lewis acid-base process.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Zeitschrift für Naturforschung - Section B Journal of Chemical Sciences|
|Publication status||Published - 2010|