This chapter explores the engagement of Milanese philosopher, lecturer and Habsburg administrator Cesare Beccaria with cameral science in three forms: as a university discipline, an intellectual discourse and a set of governance practices. Initially addressing Beccaria’s role as the inaugural Chair of Scienze Camerali at the Palatine School in Milan, the chapter outlines the divergences in the interpretations of cameral science held by Beccaria and officials of the Habsburg Court, before exploring the predominantly critical reception of his lectures across Europe. This is followed by an assessment of the availability of the cameralist “canon” in Habsburg Lombardy and the role of the Milanese economic book trade in shaping Beccaria’s thought. Finally, turning to Beccaria’s administrative career, the chapter considers his involvement in public health and smallpox inoculation, linking his actions to the concept of Medizinische Polizey and his collaboration with Habsburg health officials Gerard van Swieten and Johann Peter Frank. The chapter concludes that Beccaria’s understanding of cameral science was not only heavily mediated by Italian and French political economy, but also by his concerns for the applicability of theory to the Lombard context. In so doing, it calls the homogeneity of cameralism outside of German-speaking lands into question.
|Title of host publication||Cameralism and the Enlightenment|
|Subtitle of host publication||Happiness, Governance and Reform in Transnational Perspective|
|Editors||Ere Nokkala, Nicholas B. Miller, Anthony J. La Vopa|
|Publisher||Taylor and Francis AS|
|Number of pages||28|
|Publication status||Published - 17 Dec 2019|