High-density submicrometer-sized Ni0.5Zn0.5 Fe2O4 ferrite ceramics were prepared by spark plasma sintering in conjunction with sufficient high energy ball milling. They were evaluated by different characterization techniques such as X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and dielectric and magnetic measurements. All samples prepared at sintering temperatures ranging from 850 to 925 0C exhibit a single spinel phase and their relative densities and grain sizes range from 90% to 99% and ~100 nm to ~300 nm, respectively. The dielectric constant increases with decreasing grain size until ~250 nm, and then decreases dramatically with further decreasing grain size. The saturation magnetization increases continuously with increasing grain size/density but the magnetic coercivity decreases. The highest dielectric constant and saturation magnetization at room temperature are approximately 1.0 x 105 and 84.4emu/g, respectively, while the lowest magnetic coercivity is only around 15 Oe. These outstanding properties may be associated with high density and uniform micro structure created by spark plasma sintering. Therefore, the spark plasma sintering is a promising technique for fabricating high-quality NiZn ferrites with high saturation magnetization and low coercivity.
- Magentic properties