Choking in sport: a review

Denise M. Hill, Sheldon Hanton, Nic Matthews, Scott Fleming

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Choking under pressure is a pejorative colloquial term (Clark, Tofler, & Lardon, 2005) used to describe a sub-optimal sporting performance under stressful conditions. In order to prevent its occurrence and enable performers to achieve their potential under pressure, a full understanding of the phenomenon is necessary. By reviewing critically the contemporary research, the aim of the paper is to examine the suggested mechanisms and potential moderators of choking in sport, and consider the interventions designed to alleviate it. In addition, the conceptual and methodological concerns that exist within the choking literature will be presented, and directions for future research that address such concerns will be recommended.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-39
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • paradoxical performance
  • performance failure
  • pressure
  • stress


Dive into the research topics of 'Choking in sport: a review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this