Classification of electrocardiogram signals for arrhythmia detection using convolutional neural network

Muhammad Aleem Raza, Muhammad Anwar, Kashif Nisar, Ag Asri Ag Ibrahim, Usman Ahmed Raza, Sadiq Ali Khan, Fahad Ahmad

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Abstract

With the help of computer-aided diagnostic systems, cardiovascular diseases can be identified timely manner to minimize the mortality rate of patients suffering from cardiac disease. However, the early diagnosis of cardiac arrhythmia is one of the most challenging tasks. The manual analysis of electrocardiogram (ECG) data with the help of the Holter monitor is challenging. Currently, the Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) is receiving considerable attention from researchers for automatically identifying ECG signals. This paper proposes a 9-layerbased CNN model to classify the ECG signals into five primary categories according to the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards and the Association for the Advancement of Medical Instruments (AAMI). The Massachusetts Institute of Technology-Beth Israel Hospital (MIT-BIH) arrhythmia dataset is used for the experiment. The proposed modeloutperformedthe previous modelinterms ofaccuracy andachieved asensitivity of 99.0% and a positivity predictively 99.2% in the detection of a Ventricular Ectopic Beat (VEB). Moreover, it also gained a sensitivity of 99.0% and positivity predictively of 99.2% for the detection of a supraventricular ectopic beat (SVEB). The overall accuracy of the proposed model is 99.68%.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3817-3834
Number of pages18
JournalComputers, Materials and Continua
Volume77
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Dec 2023

Keywords

  • arrhythmia
  • ECG signal
  • deep learning
  • convolutional neural network
  • physioNet MIT-BIH arrhythmia database

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