Strictly anaerobic bacteria of the Clostridium genus have attracted great interest as potential cell factories for molecular hydrogen production purposes. In addition to being a useful approach to this process, dark fermentation has the advantage of using the degradation of cheap agricultural residues and industrial wastes for molecular hydrogen production. However, many improvements are still required before large-scale hydrogen production from clostridial metabolism is possible. Here we review the literature on the basic biological processes involved in clostridial hydrogen production, and present the main advances obtained so far in order to enhance the hydrogen productivity, as well as suggesting some possible future prospects.
- Industrial Waste