Cluster protocols in underwater sensor networks: a research review

Nick Savage, Kyriakos Ovaliadis

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature reviewpeer-review

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Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks (UWSN) have different characteristics in relation to terrestrial wireless sensor networks; such as limited bandwidth capacity, high propagation delays and limited battery power. Although there has been much work completed in developing protocols and models for terrestrial networks, these are rarely applicable for underwater sensor networks. Up to today major efforts have been made for designing efficient protocols while considering the underwater communication characteristics. An important issue on this research area is the construction of an efficient clustering algorithm. Clustering in the context of UWSN is important as it contributes a great deal towards the efficient use of energy resources. This paper reviews the most significant cluster based protocols proposed for UWSN. Major performance issues of these protocols with respect to the network conditions such as packet delivery ratio, average packet delay, node mobility effect and energy consumption are examined. The advantages and disadvantages of each protocol are also pointed out.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)171-175
JournalJournal of Engineering Science and Technology Review (JESTR)
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2014


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