COLA with scale-dependent growth: applications to screened modified gravity models

Hans A. Winther, Kazuya Koyama, Marc Manera, Bill S. Wright, Gong-Bo Zhao

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We present a general parallelized and easy-to-use code to perform numerical simulations of structure formation using the COLA (COmoving Lagrangian Acceleration) method for cosmological models that exhibit scale-dependent growth at the level of first and second order Lagrangian perturbation theory. For modified gravity theories we also include screening using a fast approximate method that covers all the main examples of screening mechanisms in the literature. We test the code by comparing it to full simulations of two popular modified gravity models, namely ƒ(R) gravity and nDGP, and find good agreement in the modified gravity boost-factors relative to ΛCDM even when using a fairly small number of COLA time steps.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages28
JournalJournal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Publication statusPublished - 3 Aug 2017


  • astro-ph.CO
  • gr-qc
  • cosmological simulations
  • modified gravity
  • RCUK
  • STFC


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