Comparative Investigation of total, recoverable and bioavailable fractions of sediment metals and metalloids in the Lagos Harbour and lagoon system

Awwal Bamanga, Nnamdi Henry Amaeze, Bader Al-Anzi

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Abstract

This study investigated and characterised concentration of some selected metals and metalloids (As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Co, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, Sn, V and Zn) present in surface sediments of the Lagos Harbour (LH) and associated Lagos Lagoon (LG) system using a combination of metal extraction and analytical methods within 26 sampling sites including a control (Apese Lagoon, APL). Sampling was carried out using a Van-veen grab sampler on three occasions (dry seasons 2013, 2014; wet season 2013). The total, recoverable and bioavailable fractions were measured separately by X-ray fluorescence (XRF), Aqua regia (AR) extraction with inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) and 1 M hydrochloric acid (1 M HCl) extraction with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) analysis, respectively. Results were compared with National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)/Canadian Sediment Quality Guidelines (CSQG) and geochemical spatial distribution maps. Threshold effect level (TEL) were exceeded by total concentration of Cu, Zn and recoverable As across the lagoons. Bioavailable As was below TEL while Ni was associated with the ports in the LH.
Original languageEnglish
Article number4339
Number of pages23
JournalSustainability
Volume11
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Aug 2019

Keywords

  • shipping activities
  • port dredging
  • sediment pollution
  • heavy metal fractions
  • geochemical distribution

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