The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of two brushes used as carriers of a primer-adhesive solution as to the formation of resin tags, adhesive lateral branches, and a hybrid layer when used to bond translucent fiber posts. Twenty endodontically treated teeth, extracted for periodontal reasons, were used. The samples were randomly divided into two groups of 10 samples each (Group 1: Microbrush Scotchbond 1 Rely X ARC resin cement; Group 2: small plastic brush Scotchbond 1 Rely X ARC resin cement). The adhesive system and resin cement were used strictly following manufacturers' instructions. The priming-adhesive solution of the one-bottle system was light-cured before placing the resin cement and the post. Twenty translucent fiber posts were used. After luting procedures, root samples were processed for SEM observations. The adhesive system showed a resin dentin interdiffusion zone (RDIZ), resin tag, and adhesive lateral branch formation. Microscopic examination of restored interfaces of group 1 showed a higher percentage (p < 0.05) of RDIZ than those found in samples of group 2. In group 1 samples, RDIZ morphology was well detectable and uniform in all thirds of the root canals. In group 2, RDIZ was not visible in the apical third. No statistically significant differences were found among the two groups coronally and at the middle third, but the apical third of group 1 showed significantly more resin tag formation than group 2. The characteristic reverse cone shape of resin tags was always noted in the coronal and middle third of the root canals of both groups and in the apical third of group 1. In the apical third of group 2 root canals, the resin tags showed a less uniform morphology and a shorter length than those found in the other observed thirds.