Comprehensive Review of Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) Technologies

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As renewable energy production is intermittent, its application creates uncertainty in the level of supply. As a result, integrating an energy storage system (ESS) into renewable energy systems could be an effective strategy to provide energy systems with economic, technical, and environmental benefits. Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) has been realized in a variety of ways over the past decades. As a mechanical energy storage system, CAES has demonstrated its clear potential amongst all energy storage systems in terms of clean storage medium, high lifetime scalability, low self-discharge, long discharge times, relatively low capital costs, and high durability. However, its main drawbacks are its long response time, low depth of discharge, and low roundtrip efficiency (RTE). This paper provides a comprehensive review of CAES concepts and compressed air storage (CAS) options, indicating their individual strengths and weaknesses. In addition, the paper provides a comprehensive reference for planning and integrating different types of CAES into energy systems. Finally, the limitations and future perspectives of CAES are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)104-126
Number of pages23
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 29 Jan 2023


  • compressed air energy storage
  • adiabatic compressed air energy storage
  • advanced adiabatic compressed air energy storage
  • ocean compressed air energy storage
  • isothermal compressed air energy storage

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