Conducting polymers as drug release systems

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review


Conducting polymers, also known as electroactive polymers and intrinsically conducting polymers (ICPs), are materials that combine the conductivity associated with metals with the processability of plastics. Examples include polypyrrole, polythiophene, polyaniline and poly(3,5)-ethylenedioxythiophene. This chapter introduces the field of ICPs and reviews examples from recent literature concerning their use in drug delivery systems, which generally fall into five main categories, where the ICP is: a simple film (typically deposited electrochemically); part of a composite material; included in nanocomposite materials; in the form of nanoparticles; and in the form of a hydrogel/conducting hydrogel. The switchable nature of ICPs, whilst providing conductivity and biocompatibility, put these materials in a unique position in the field of drug delivery. The review period is from 2017 to the present (early-2022).
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNano- and Microfabrication Techniques in Drug Delivery
Subtitle of host publicationRecent Developments and Future Prospects
EditorsDimitrios Lamprou
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)9783031269080
ISBN (Print)9783031269073
Publication statusPublished - 28 Apr 2023

Publication series

NameAdvanced Clinical Pharmacy - Research, Development and Practical Applications
ISSN (Print)2524-5325
ISSN (Electronic)2524-5333


  • conducting polymers
  • Polypyrrole
  • polythiophene
  • polyaniline
  • drug delivery
  • Drug Delivery Systems
  • polymers


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