Considerations for physical employment standards in the aging workforce

David J. C. Flower, Mike Tipton, Gemma Milligan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Background: If current population and health trends continue, workplace demographics will look significantly different by the turn of the century. Organizations will no longer have a steady pipeline of younger workers and will likely need to rely on older workers to remain competitive in the global marketplace. The future multi-generational workforce will bring with it the challenge of maximizing contributions from each generation whilst at the same time addressing the health, safety and wellbeing needs of all workers.

Objective: This review provides an insight into aging and older workers, and presents recommendations to promote worker longevity.

Methods: This narrative review draws on evidence from 108 published sources.

Results: The relationship between age and work is not simple; factors including the physical nature of the job and worker’s health and fitness interact with age to either increase or decrease the potential effect of age. Evidence suggests that the issues arising from an aging workforce can be managed through polices that focus on active aging through: attitude management; flexible working and the provision of occupational health.

Conclusion: The integration of such interventions would require company and organizational commitment from the top down with educational programs at all levels to ensure understanding and participation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)509-519
Number of pages11
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 17 Aug 2019


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