Constitutionalism in the British Dependent Territories of the Caribbean

Ursula Smartt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


There are three types of British Citizens. The first category of British Citizens has the right to full citizenship, and comprises people from the Republic of Ireland, people from the Commonwealth countries (if they were born before 1983 and have at least one parent who is a British subject). More recently in British constitutional history, there is a second category, namely those who come from a Member State of the European Union. The ‘British Citizen’ is regarded as the ‘regular Brit’. In the third category, there are the ‘British Overseas Citizens’ from the former British colonies, who fall into neither of the above categories. British governments have always been more lenient towards the ‘Dependencies’ than towards the ‘Overseas Colonials’. What about citizens from the British ‘Dependent Territories’ (DT)? Questions about citizenship and international agreements such as a re-call for a prisoner from say the Bahamas to HMP (Her Majesty’s Prison) Grand Turk are not clear-cut at all.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)300-313
Number of pages14
JournalEuropean Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1999


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