Consumer financial fraud in the United Arab Emirates

Juan Dempere, Sabir Malik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: This paper aims to study the explanatory power of demographics, financial behaviors and financial literacy on instances of consumer financial fraud (CFF) among Emirati households. 

Design/methodology/approach: This study is based on a survey applied to the United Arab Emirates’ (UAE’s) largest federal higher education institution. The authors analyzed the data using generalized linear models, specifically generalized regressions based on both the logit and the probit models. Independent sample tests were also applied to compare the different subgroups considered in this study. 

Findings: The authors found that the CFF victims seem to be older with more years of post-secondary education and high monthly credit card balances. When analyzing the probability of Emirati students becoming CFF victims, the authors found that only age, instances of lack of monthly income to cover living costs, and average monthly credit card balance, all have significant and positive explanatory power on the probability of becoming a CFF victim. However, when analyzing the aggregate subsample of all Emirati respondents, only the credit card balance has a positive and significant relationship with such a probability. 

Research limitations/implications: The authors used a non-probability sampling method that produced some biases, including a gender bias and an age-related bias. These biases preclude us from making valid inferences and generalizations about the Emirati population. 

Originality/value: To the best of authors’ knowledge, no previous research article has studied CFF in the UAE, which constitutes this study’s original contribution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1193-1209
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Financial Crime
Issue number4
Early online date26 Feb 2021
Publication statusPublished - 28 Sept 2021


  • Consumer fraud
  • Emirati households
  • Financial behavior
  • Financial fraud
  • Financial literacy
  • Survey
  • UAE

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