Context, composition and heterogeneity: using multilevel models in health research

C. Duncan, K. Jones, Graham Moon

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    This paper considers the use of multilevelmodels in healthresearch. Attention focuses on the structure and potential of such models and particular consideration is given to their use in elucidating the importance of contextual effects in relation to individual level social and demographic factors in understanding health outcomes, health-related behaviour and health service performance. Four graphical typologies are used to outline the questions that multilevelmodels can address and the paper illustrates their potential by drawing on published examples in a number of different research areas.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)97-117
    Number of pages21
    JournalSocial Science & Medicine
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 1998


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