Corporate governance and performance in the UK insurance industry pre, during and post the Global Financial Crisis

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    Purpose: Due to concerns from stakeholders on how corporate governance contributes to monitoring insurance companies during financial crisis, this study aims to investigate whether and how various corporate governance practices affect firm performance of listed and non-listed insurance firms in the UK during financial crisis.

    Design/methodology/approach: This paper applies a unique manually collected dataset from listed and non-listed insurance firms in the UK. This study uses different regressions models to test the hypotheses and to address the endogeneity problem.

    Findings: The findings show that board non-duality and the presence of a majority shareholder, improve firm performance in insurance companies. Furthermore, the findings for the sub-samples indicate a stronger positive association between board of directors and firm performance in listed insurance companies after the financial crisis, while a positive impact has been found between large shareholders and external audit firms in non-listed insurance companies before and during the crisis.

    Practical implications: The results offer important practical implications for the government, management, shareholders, and policymakers. For example, regulators and policy-makers should benefit from these results to revise the recommendations for corporate governance mechanisms that prove to be effective on firm performance, as well as those mechanisms that have different or unexpected effects among listed or non-listed firms, and/or during the turbulent periods. Investors, should be aware of those specific corporate governance mechanisms that would have higher effect on performance of UK insurance firms in which they are considering to invest in.

    Originality/value: This study contributes to the current literature by exploring the effect of corporate governance on financial performance by comparing between listed and non-listed insurance companies during financial crisis. Further, to the best of authors’ knowledge, this is the first study to use two new insurance related performance measures, the revenue growth ratio and the adjusted combined ratio as performance measurements in order to explore whether these new variables create any insights.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)617-640
    Number of pages24
    JournalInternational Journal of Accounting & Information Management
    Issue number5
    Early online date21 Sept 2022
    Publication statusPublished - 30 Sept 2022


    • corporate governance
    • firm performance
    • insurance
    • listed and non-listed
    • financial crisis
    • United Kingdom


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