Deep learning is a powerful analysis technique that has recently been proposed as a method to constrain cosmological parameters from weak lensing mass maps. Because of its ability to learn relevant features from the data, it is able to extract more information from the mass maps than the commonly used power spectrum, and thus achieve better precision for cosmological parameter measurement. We explore the advantage of convolutional neural networks over the power spectrum for varying levels of shape noise and different smoothing scales applied to the maps. We compare the cosmological constraints from the two methods in the ΩM-σ8 plane for sets of 400 deg2 convergence maps. We find that, for a shape noise level corresponding to 8.53 galaxies/arcmin2 and the smoothing scale of σs=2.34 arcmin, the network is able to generate 45% tighter constraints. For a smaller smoothing scale of σs=1.17 the improvement can reach ∼50%, while for a larger smoothing scale of σs=5.85, the improvement decreases to 19%. The advantage generally decreases when the noise level and smoothing scales increase. We present a new training strategy to train the neural network with noisy data, as well as considerations for practical applications of the deep learning approach.
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Fluri, J. (Creator), Kacprzak, T. (Creator), Refregier, A. (Creator), Amara, A. (Creator), Lucchi, A. (Creator) & Hofmann, T. (Creator), American Physical Society, 18 Dec 2018