We perform an anisotropic clustering analysis of 1,133,326 galaxies from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS-III) Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey Data Release 12 covering the redshift range 0.15 < z < 0.69. The geometrical distortions of the galaxy positions, caused by incorrect assumptions in the cosmological model, are captured in the anisotropic two-point correlation function on scales of 6-40 h -1 Mpc. The redshift evolution of this anisotropic clustering is used to place constraints on the cosmological parameters. We improve the methodology of Li et al. to enable efficient exploration of high-dimensional cosmological parameter spaces, and apply it to the Chevallier-Polarski-Linder parameterization of dark energy, w = w 0 + w a z/(1 + z). In combination with data on the cosmic microwave background, baryon acoustic oscillations, Type Ia supernovae, and H 0 from Cepheids, we obtain Ωm = 0.301 ±0.008, w 0 = -1.042 ±0.067, and w a = -0.07 ±0.29 (68.3% CL). Adding our new Alcock-Paczynski measurements to the aforementioned results reduces the error bars by ∼30%-40% and improves the dark-energy figure of merit by a factor of ∼2. We check the robustness of the results using realistic mock galaxy catalogs.
- cosmological parameters
- dark energy
- large-scale structure of universe
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Li, X. D. (Creator), Sabiu, C. G. (Creator), Park, C. (Creator), Wang, Y. (Creator), Zhao, G. (Creator), Park, H. (Creator), Shafieloo, A. (Creator), Kim, J. (Creator) & Hong, S. E. (Creator), IOP Publishing, 28 Mar 2018