Cosmological tests of gravity with latest observations

Jian Li, Gong-Bo Zhao

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We perform observational tests of modified gravity on cosmological scales following model-dependent and model-independent approaches using the latest astronomical observations, including measurements of the local Hubble constant, cosmic microwave background, the baryonic acoustic oscillations and redshift space distortions derived from galaxy surveys including the Sloan Digital Sky Survey BOSS and eBOSS, as well as the weak lensing observations performed by the CFHTLenS team. Combining all these data sets, we find a deviation from the prediction of general relativity in both the effective Newton's constant, μ(a, k), and in the gravitational slip, η(a, k). The deviation is at a 3.1σ level in the joint {μ(a, k), η(a, k)} space using a two-parameter phenomenological model for μ and η, and reaches a 3.7σ level if a general parameterization is used. This signal, which may be subject to unknown observational systematics, or a sign of new physics, is worth further investigating with forthcoming observations.
Original languageEnglish
Article number196
Number of pages10
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jan 2019


  • astro-ph.CO


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