Cross-cultural, multi-cultural, and intercultural issues

Thierry Robert Frederic Middleton, Robert J. Schinke, Brennan Petersen, Cole E. Giffin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review


Our aim in this chapter is to demonstrate how, and why, researchers and practitioners may benefit through embracing and learning from the diverse approaches taken to studying cross-cultural, multicultural, and intercultural issues. We do so by examining the study of integration, a process in which individuals maintain their cultural heritage while also engaging in a shared process of learning the dominant cultural norms of their community. Integration has been widely promoted as the most conducive form of acculturation for newcomers to a community. The chapter begins with a brief overview of how researchers have used cross-cultural and cultural sport psychology (CSP) approaches to examine how sport and physical activity contexts may foster integration and what their findings have revealed. The unknown is then explored through five major questions that can guide future researchers in their work alongside those with whom they wish to learn from.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSport, Exercise and Performance Psychology: Research Directions to Advance the Field
EditorsEdson Filho, Itay Basevitch
PublisherOxford University Press
Number of pages14
ISBN (Print)9780197512494
Publication statusPublished - 22 Nov 2021


  • cultural sport psychology
  • cross-cultural psychology
  • integration
  • identity
  • reflexivity
  • reflection
  • decolonization
  • accessibility
  • context-driven practice


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